mentation the interview was unnecessary, put it in as filler thought it was all-encompassing and informative
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Pencil
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Silverpoint is a graphic medium which preceded the common hold pencil.
Instead of lead a point of silver wire is dictated in a wooden holder. Since
this will leave yet the faintest trace on an ordinary paper surface, a
special ground must be prepared. A paste of powdered bone or chalk mixed
withwater and gum or starch is spread with a stiff brush in thin coats, each
coat being allowed to teetotal before another is applied to form a perfectly
smooth and rase surface. The silverpoint is not so flexible a medium as
pencil, and expunging is practically impossible. The pressure of the point on
the ground demands careful control.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The chief(prenominal) characteristics of silverpoint drawing are a fine clarity
and delicate patriarchal tonality. In time the line turns brown through oxidation.
European artists of the fifteenth and 16th centuries often began their drawings
in silverpoint, finishing them with pen and ink. Albrecht DÃ¼rer(1471-1528)
took avail of its indelible character in using it for sketch books during
his travels. Though popular during the Renaissance, especially in the north
with the Van Eycks (active in the earliest 15th century) and Rogier van der
was revived from time to time, notably by Hendrik Goltzius (1558-1617),
Rembrandt (1606-1669), and Alphonse Legros (1837-1911). In the twentieth century
it is being reinvestigated as a highly exacting provided distinguished technique.
(Colliers Encyclopedia CD-ROM 1996)
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â The modern pencil dates from the affectionateness of the sixteenth century,
when a rude(a) mineral that made a dark but removable mark was discovered in
Englands Lake District. The new mineral was called black lead, because it
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