Saturday, March 23, 2019
Frances Ecconomy :: essays research papers
France is one of the fields richest nations. Industrialization began at the force out of the 18th century. Unlike England and the rest of Europe, France failed to maintain the momentum of its archeozoic industrial start and was still an agricultural nation at the end of the 19th century. most growth has occurred since the end of World War II. France nowadays ranks among the worlds most economically advanced nations.A distinctive feature of the postwar cut economy has been national economic development plans. The first, the Monnet plans named after denim Monnet who thought of it. Railways were nationalized in 1937, and many other sectors of the economy, including the coal, natural gas, electricity, banking, and transportation came on a lower floor state control shortly after World War II. new(prenominal) major industries were nationalized in the early 1980s. In the early 1990s, manufacturing employed in the midst of 20% and 25% of the labor force. Many French business enterpr ises ar small to moderate in size, although the competitive business climate created by membership in the EC has forced many companies to be restructured and unite to form powerful corporations.The leading manufacturing industries are metallurgy, mechanical and galvanizing engineering, chemicals, and textiles. In 1986, France ranked third in Europe in steel production, with an fruit of 14.8 million metric tons and second in aluminum output. These and import metals are fabricated into a wide range of mechanical and electrical equipment marketed throughout the world. French locomotives, turbines, electronics equipment, nuclear power plants and submarines, and television systems are storied for their innovative design, as are French automobiles, such as Citroen, Peugeot, Simca, and Renault, and French aircraft, such as Mirage, Concorde, and Airbus. In 1985, France ranked fourth in the world in production of passenger cars and third in output of mercenary vehicles. A wide range of chemicals, including perfumes, pharmaceuticals, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and fertilizers, are likewise produced. The French textile and garment industry has long been known for its elevated fashion, although in recent years the industry has lost many reason markets to lower-priced imports from countries with lower labor costs.Less than 1% of the labor force is meshed in mining. In 1988 coal production was 14.5 million metric tons. Most of it from two principal coalfields the Lorraine coalfield near METZ, which is an extension into France of the Saar coalfield and the Nord-Pas de Calais coalfield around Lille, which is an extension into France of Belgiums Sambre-Meuse coalfields and is as well thin-seamed, faulted, and difficult to work.