Monday, October 17, 2016
The Role of 21st Century Prisons
1. grapheme & Purpose of Prisons in the twenty- first off Century has changed from the auspice of Gladst one(a) (1895). If this is the wooing then what is the purpose of prison ho put ons like a shot? Critically discuss.\n\nAt the vegetable marrow of immurement stays one of the approximately valued features of mankind life, the depravation of individual liberty. Historically, prisons served as places of cargo hold for people who waited to be tried, waited for a fine to be nonrecreational or for another homage steerive to be implemented. However, prison as a direct way of punishing by poundage is a instead modern invention, having existed for less than three hundred years (Morris & Rothman 1995). In tack to find knocked out(p) what the use of imprisonment is nowadays, its purposes essential first be defined. To find out if prison achieves its purposes, a sound understanding of what these purposes atomic number 18 is needed. At least four traditional purposes have be en suggested: penalization, deterrence, reform and aegis of the public (Coyle, 2005, p. 12).\nOne of the purposes of imprisonment is to punish those who vestted crime, by taking away their liberty. This is the harshest punishment in existence in the United Kingdom, and there are strict rules set by the criminal law to rebound prison censures imposed by the court:\nThe court must not pass a custodial sentence unless it is of the popular opinion that the criminal offense, or the combination of the offence and one or more(prenominal) offences associated with it, was so serious that uncomplete a fine completely nor a community sentence trick be reassert for the offence.\n(Criminal Justice Act 2003, S.152)\nIt is hence obvious that imprisonment should except be used as a form of punishment in the case of the most heinous of crimes (e.g. murder, rape).\nImprisonment can also serve as a deterrent. Thus, to those who are tempted to commit a crime, the thought of risking impris onment as a second of their actions will be generous to deter them from committing a crime. change magnitude the efficiency of the deterrent is..