Todays global situation is one diametrically different clear that of a century ago, the politics and economics of globalization meet driven the world to mold into regional blocs of interests and interdependence among nations, which has uniquely traduced in these last years, in that no conflict among nations falls beyond the reach of the multinational Community (Calvert, 76), peculiarly if it poses a threat to the existent peace milieu, principally in the south American region.
The following analysis will undertake to objectify the boundary conflict between Bolivia and Chile. Although the Bolivian offer of right to access coasts that have been lost to Chile for much than one hundred years, the new ideals of continental integration and the zest to create more solid routes of economic channels, Bolivian claims of self-governing access to the peaceable have gained steam in International Forums. The repercussions of access to the Pacific, by Bolivia, would be momentous not single for this severely underdeveloped nation but also to international law as it makes way for greater cooperation and understanding amongst crony nations.
Prior to the 20th century the Bolivian territory extended to the Pacific and included most of the coast of the Atacama Desert and the port of Antofagasta.
The discovery of rich nitrate deposits in the Atacama desert and rising clay sculpture tensions led the outbreak of war between Chile and Bolivia (1879-1883) (Querejazu) Chiles mastery in this war resulted in Bolivias loss of its outlet to the Pacific (400 km of coastline), along with 158.000 sq. km. of territory (Perez del Castillo, 12). Efforts, mainly political, to regain somewhat outlet to the sea failed. And a revision of the resulting treaty, after the war, (Tratado de Paz y Amistad y LÃmites) that has existed since the year 1904, has been requested by Bolivia on...
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