Sunday, April 14, 2013

Psychology: Its origins from the 19th century to the present. (Talks about the schools of Psychology)

Introduction

Before we give the axe begin, we must first answer the question, What is Psychology? and in addition describe the subject. Psychology is the scientific occupy of behavior and genial processes. Most of the experts have agreed that it was Aristotle who was a great ratifier to this divine subject because he touched on more or less all aspects of psychology.

While another man, Wilhelm Wundt was the father of psychology. He brand such a name because it is said that he realised psychology as a field of scientific studies nonparasitic from philosophy.

Late 19th Century Psychology

Psychology had its origins through a number of schools of psychology. These schools gave musical mode to psychology today, that is, all our theories are bound to them. These schools are as follows:-

        Structuralism

        Functionalism

        Gestalt

        Psychoanalysis

        Behaviorism

These are the old schools of psychology that half of the founders in their single field did not agreed with one another.

        STRUCTURALISM

Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920) was a German psychologist who did poorly in primary (elementary) school and eventually he attended medical school because as anyone else, he treasured a good living. He did psychology and philosophy because he disliked dealing with patients.

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It is except when became seriously ill, that his main focussing was on analyzing the experience of dying rather than being panic-stricken by death. He broke down his experience into thoughts, sensations and feelings.

Not only did he analyze the experience of death but in like manner of living. Like the famous philosopher Aristotle, he believed that he could scientifically study the mind which he thought of as a subjective event like heat, light and blood flow.

What is Structuralism? We can answer this question by stating that it attempted to break moral sense down, that is, to sensations like taste and feelings like mental images. The school of psychology...

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