The aim of Australian medicate policy since 1985 has been vilify minimization. trauma minimisation is the overall policies and programs aimed at reducing handicap associated with medicine use without necessarily eliminating use (Heather et al 1993). Harm minimisation has been a hallmark of Australia?s approach to drugs, giving Australia large(p) role in international debates on drug issues (Single &type A; Rohl 1997). Control of illicit drugs has been a global concern since the foreign Opium Commission, known as the Shanghai Conference of 1909 (Australia Institute of Criminology 2001). This render will describe Australia?s three main strategies for harm minimisation and discuss the success of Harm Minimisation in Australia and oversea?s.
Three types of strategies responsible for the success of harm minimisation in Australia ar supply control, demand less(prenominal)ening and harm decline. Supply control refers to strategies based on controlling the work and availability of alcohol and drugs. This is done mainly through principle and regulation. Some examples are banning the sale of cigarettes to under 18 year of age, and prohibition of the importation and trafficking of heroin (Gossop 1998).
Demand reduction strategies are designed to prevent the uptake of harmful drug use and reduce the desire for an individual or union to use alcohol or drugs.
Some examples of demand reduction are raising the price of alcohol though increase taxation, drug education programs, detoxification and rehabilitation programs for dependent users (Gossop 1998).
Harm reduction strategies are aimed at those individuals who continue to use alcohol and drugs. The counselling is reducing harm rather than drug use. Some examples are selling only low alcohol beer at clean events, providing clean needles and syringes to injecting drug users and teaching users how to use drugs in less harmful ways (Gossop 1998)..
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