Thursday, April 11, 2013

British administration in Hong Kong in the first half of the 20th century.

Since Hong Kong was a British colony, under the British administration, the Letters bare and the Royal Instructions issues by the Crown of England were the legal can of the structure of the Hong Kong g everyplacenment.

Under this system, the British had the monopoly of power. It was to a fault an executive-led government. The governor found by the crown of England was the representative and top decision-maker in Hong Kong. He was very powerful.

Firstly, he had legislative power, with his veto power over bills. In other words, if he did not agree with the bills, they could not become laws. Secondly, he also had executive power. He do all the policies in Hong Kong. Moreover, he chaired over both the legislative Council and the Executive Council and dictated all the agendas. Thirdly, he had appointment power. any the Ex-Officio, Official and Unofficial members of both Councils, judges and all Justices of the cessation were appointed by the governor. On the other hand, he also had the right to dismiss any government officials (except the Chief Secretary, the pecuniary Secretary, the Attorney-General, the Chief Justice and the Commander British Forces). Fourthly, he had armed services power as he also held the title of the Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces in Hong Kong. Fifthly, he had the power to pardon.

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Any criminals could be pardoned, plain those who had been sentenced to death. Last but not the least, he had other powers analogous granting lands within Hong Kong. The governor basically controlled over all the matters of Hong Kong. in time he had to report duty by visiting Britain annually.

forthwith under the governor were the Executive and Legislative Councils. The Executive Council constituted in 1843, was responsible for advising the government on policies and evaluating the bills before they were universe discussed in...

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