Thursday, April 11, 2013

A commentary on '700 Intellektuelle beten einen Oeltank an'

Commentary of 700 Intellektuelle beten einen Öltank anThe verse 700 Intellektuelle... was pen by Bertolt Brecht in late 1927; an period in which industrialisation was looming after a period of economical depression. This poesy was initially published in the literary biannual called Prisma in Zenith in early 1928 and then in a magazine by the name of Simplicissimus in early 1929. It have as part of a collection of rimes by Brecht in the Versuche series and was placed under the heading Aus dem Lesebuch für Städtebewohner. This contextual information regarding the rime can help allow extra meaning to the poem as well as as well as analyzing the text itself. I now plan to clear how the text helps do meaning for the reader and likewise how another(prenominal) contextual information can similarly provide additional information to help understand the poem in more depth.

First of all, the form of this poem is quite striking. The poem consists of 9 stanzas, in which there 49 verses unequally distributed. Of these 49 verses, there are 26 convicts and 28 clauses. This irregular sentence statistical distribution whitethorn have been used for effect by Brecht for stress as seen with the unmatchable word on inventory 12; Öltank. Brecht does not seem to use regular rhythm patterns but, on the contrary, uses breaks in rhythm for speech pattern of shorter verses as seen on simple eye 43. to a fault inconsistent is the sentence structure with sentence lengths vary from one word to thirty-four words and ?enjambment? is also a salient feature, possibly to accuse some look of irregularity about the Öltank.

There are quite a number of stylistic features used by Brecht in this poem to get meaning. The use of a paradox on telephone circuit 24 referring to the Öltank as Häßlicher and Schönste in succession could imply an nervous strain of confusion or perhaps of apprehension of the Intellektuellen. another(prenominal) technique employed by Brecht is that of alliteration, which is firstborn seen on run along 5. The effect of the ?v? sound is quite interesting as it could be considered as onomatopoeic and similar to the howling of the wind. other example of alliteration is on line 33 and in this case, we see the vowel alliteration of the phoneme, which creates a more period sound, nevertheless increasing the effect of enjambment employed by Brecht. In addition to alliteration, the poem seems to resemble aspects of a prayer. This is shown by the pass address of the poem; it is clear that the poem is tell at somebody with its stag uses of ?Du?, ?dich? and of the imperative form too, as is seen on line 26 ?Tue? and line 28 with ?Lösche?. Also, the choice of vocabulary on line 30, ?wie du willst? and line 55, ?darum ehöre uns?dem Übel des Geistes? seem similar to those found in a prayer and add to the feeling that the 700 Intellektuelle in the poem maybe feel that the Öltank represents and is a sign for a bracing belief and indeed speak in such a manner as to worship it. It can be argued that the Öltank, depict in juxtaposition with nature and the products of it, ein Gras, Elfenbein, Ebenholz?in order to create contrast, is symbolic of industrialisation, especially with the point that the Öltank is made out of Eisen; a material used in huge quantities in industry. In the last line of the poem, it appears that Brecht deliberately misspells a word to create the word Fordschritt, which can be seen as a direct reference towards the motor company Ford and surely as an attempt by Brecht to single out the company as spearheading industrialisation. It is apparent that the Intellektuellen do not seem to be phased by the overnight arrival of an Öltank as there is only one question in the whole poem addressed to what seems to be a symbol of a new belief, which could imply an air of predictability surrounding industrialisation in the sense of calculation and Statistik.

The poem seems to raise issues combining industry and faith. Firstly, industry is implied on frequent occasions in the poem, especially with the lexical field of industry, Eisen, Elektrifizierung, Statistik?.The concomitant that the Intellektuellen ask to be saved from the evil of the mind in the name of Elektrifizierung, etc shows that they are putting their faith in, in this case, electrification; the briny power source behind industry. This image of industrialisation is further stressed when placed in contrast to images of the old focussing of life, such as the windmills, die langsam mahlen, which is actually a biblical reference to the expression, Gottes Mühlen mahlen langsam and in turn, implies to the reader the notion of faith. Also in line with the theme of faith, there is the phrase, Herrlich! Herrlich! Herrlich!

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on line 36, which is a phrase heard in church and also refers to the fact that the Öltank is made out of Eisen further strengthening the stem of a faith in industrialisation. It is apparent that Brecht would like to capture that this new faith in industrialisation has brought about a replacement of God for science and calculation, the references of which are frequent with the lexical field of calculation, Berechnung, nicht unendlich, Unscheinbarer.

Moving on to the context of the poem, it can be claimed that Brecht?s relocation to Berlin in 1924 may have disposed him an idea of the industrial activity that was happening in Berlin and thus could have encouraged him to write this poem. Around the year of 1926, Brecht allegedly started to compose his own idea of heroic poem Theatre which was first seen in his Anmerkungen zur Oper ?Aufstieg und Fall der Stadt Mahagonny? in 1930 and, although the principles of Epic Theatre may have just been exclusive to theatre, could have transpired this notion into the poem with his use of language, which could be an explanation to why there is wee personification of the Öltank even though it is conveyed as some crystallize of ?God?. In terms of literary context, the poem was written in the era of Neue Sachlichkeit; a movement which came about as a reaction to Expressionism, which aimed to expose reality according to the generator in more sober terms which may explain the lack of a rhyme in this poem and also only 8 adjectives and adjectival nouns in the whole passage.

In conclusion, Brecht created meaning in this poem with his use of irregular sentence structure teamed with ?enjambment? in order to create emphasis on certain words. Stylistically, alliteration is used as twist to create a flowing sound and as onomatopoeia. The fact that the poem resembles the style of a prayer helps tie in with the theme of faith that crops up in this poem and in particular, the faith in industrialisation. In terms of contextual influence, Brecht?s location in Berlin may have been the most potent factor. Also notable are the development of his notion of Epic Theatre and the literary backdrop of Neue Sachlichkeit.

BibliographyRitchie, J.M, Periods in German publications (London: Oswald Wolff, 1968)

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